There are three parallel bedding margins suggesting that it was once a sedimentary rock that was metamorphosed possibly by the Elizabeth Creek Granites in the local Hodgkinson Basin. The rock fabric in both axeheads one and two consists of a large amount of quartzite with biotite. The thermally metamorphosed quartzite probably originated from mudstone.
The two active edges are both used, but one has more scratches than the other suggesting that it was used to chop objects from the end rather than in the middle. It had strange triangular incisions on one side only, which may be local tribal identification markings.