Mica is a naturally occuring mineral that forms from many thin
It can be split into layers so thin you can use them as windows.
!t has excellent insulative properties both electrical and thermal.
It has physical, mechanical properties and good thermal strength so it
doesn't shatter when it gets hot.
It can easily be trimmed to a desired shape.
Until the 19th century, large crystals of mica were quite rare and
expensive as a result of the limited supply in Europe.
However, their price dramatically dropped when large reserves were found
and mined in Africa and South America during the early 19th century.
The largest documented single crystal of mica (phlogopite) was found in
Lacey Mine, Ontario, Canada; it measured 10 m × 4.3 m × 4.3 m and weighed
about 330 tonnes.
Similar-sized crystals were also found in Karelia, Russia.There is a
plentiful supply near Moscow, Russia.
Muscovy-glass refers to mica as used by medieval Russians for
windows in Moscow. At that time, mica was available and cheaper than
An interesting question -- were glass windows first and then
copied using mica or had people used mica windows before glass?
The answer is that glass windows were developed first but
Mica windows, however were much more suitable in cold harsh
climates, their insulative properties meant much less heat was lost
through mica windows compared to glass windows.
Mica windows for woodstoves served two purposes
-- they put light into the room
-- they facilitated a view of the fire so you would know when to add more
In addition the windows would not shatter in the heat or through
Mica waveguide windows in microwave ovens A waveguide
cover's main job is to transmit microwave radiation.
It prevents steam and food particles from interacting with the electrical
components within the microwave oven.
The waveguide clips into the hole where the microwave comes out.
The main use is to prevent splashes and bits of food from getting into the
cavity of the microwave.