Earth science related entities are a major source of export income,
provide many jobs and will continue to do so into the future.
This website aims to inform people with and interest in earth science
through imagery and with a minimum of specialist jargon.
Earth Science Australia...
originated in 1993 on floppy disks ("The Earth Science Party Pack")
distributed by hand to schools in north Queensland..
at that time no commercial ISP would service rural and remote
Pioneer volunteer ISP Bushnet was formed and connected
some 12 schools via a 28k modems
ESA became a website through the Bushnet in 1996
our design was based around the concept of providing maximum
resource using minimum bandwidth and equity of access to educational
we frequently became "road kill" on the information highway
a lightning strike took out Bushnet's only server and along with
it ESA which was recovered from floppy disks
funding cut to Bushnet with five weeks notice with no redirects
the next two fledgling / competitive / commercial
/ local / rural and remote ISP's inexplicably
frequently shut down by their telecommunications monopoly supplier
Earth Science Australia lived as a "virtual gypsy" for a couple of
years, surviving on removable media, various computers belonging to
others and online as an alias on surplus corporate server space
then Geological Society of Australia kindly offered ESA space on its
The National Library of Australia declared it a website of national
significance in 2004 - periodically saves a copy as part of the
created the first senior science on-line course in Queensland "Cyber
Earth Science" -which as rejected without a glance Education
Far North Queensland Fossil Heritage Expeditions supported the first
secondary school group to find, excavate, conserve and donate an
Ichthyosaur to the Queensland Museum.
Ngadjonji People of the Rainforest became part of the site following
the death of its originator (the site is another Bushnet pioneer)
Local rural bandwidth declined 2010-2016 to speeds / levels of
service - repair - maintenance, probably only found elsewhere in
Burkina Faso (source: www.computerworld.com.au/.../australia
The NBN arrived in 2016 and ESA was able to get was via Sky Muster
satellite service - a great improvement so ESA is finally able
to re-design and update again (but at 1.2Mb/s down and 0.25Mb/s up not
at levels of a developed democracy)
We say goodbye to our unique internal and external CSS.
This latest version incorporates HTML5, flexbox CSS and external
CSS in order to remove formatting clutter and make the site responsive
to various screen sizes while loading quickly and continuing our
tradition of minimal bandwidth.
2019 we adopt w3schools.com formating using the w3.css cascading
style sheet with minor modifications
2021 we move to a Linux- based system
Earth Science Australia - Sponsorship
Your logo, message or link on our main page?
Australia's most visited earth science web site is run out of
pocket, after tax and out of hours
Twenty years on the web, the site receives about 1 million visitors
The site greatly appreciates the server space provided by the
Geological Society of Australia
Providing equity of access to educational materials for rural and
remote Australia since 1996
The site has no assets and exists on borrowed / donated equipment
wholly in cyberspace.
The site would really appreciate sponsorship donations of computer
equipment and bandwidth to remain a viable reliable teaching and
our current computer circa 2006, repaired in 2010, 2015, 2016,
computer dies 2020 and is replaced by an Intel NUC
about $100/month in total would keep the site viable, independent
sorry no tax benefits in helping us out
first logo circa 1998
Creative Commons Terms and Conditions
Earth Science Australia - Creative Commons Licence
Permission is granted for the free use and copying of any
material, freeware and educational resources from the web site if the
three following conditions are met:
they are being used for educational purposes (including
they are being presented or provided on a not-for profit basis and
Earth Science Australia or the cited authors are acknowledged as the
In all other situations materials, and educational resources are copyright
Earth Science Australia or the authors cited and may not be used without
the permission of
Earth Science Australia or the cited authors.
Contact Earth Science Australia
You may contact Earth Science Australia at: (Due to robots no live link - hand copy into
your email program)
Earth Science Australia has some materials on-line which were generously
provided by visitors to the site or collected by students from as early as
Please contact us if we have mistakenly but in good faith used
material without acknowledging the correct source.