geothermal minerals

Geothermal Related Mineral Deposits

and the use of mineralogy in determining the origins of the mineralisation

Volcanic hydrothermal and geothermal systems
 Kuroko Style "Black Smoker"
Epithermal "Hot Springs" Gold
Use of "Clay" mineralogy
Undersea volcano - Smoker
Life around a Smoker


The contrast between volcanic hydrothermal and geothermal systems

geosys

Kuroko Style "Black Smoker"; lead-zinc-silver deposits

kuroko

Epithermal "Hot Springs" Gold Deposits

pipes




Use of "Clay" mineralogy to distinguish origin of deposit as hydrothermal , Kuroko or epithermal

schem

Undersea volcano - Smoker

smoker

Life around a Smoker

Tube worms - filter sulfur -fixing bacteria

worm1

More tube worms...

worm2


Giant Clams filter sulfur-fixing bacteria

clams

Spider Crabs feed on those unfortunate to be flushed by cold water

crabs

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